When we talk about spots, we are referring to areas of the skin that accumulate melanin. Did you know that there are several types of facial blemishes? They can be solar lentigines, which are the most common, melasma (also called chloasma, which typically appears during pregnancy) or actinic keratosis (associated with ageing and a sign of accumulated sun damage). The intake of some medications, such as hormonal contraceptives, can enhance their appearance.
The first and most important thing is to use a good photoprotector in the daily facial routine. Especially with SPF50. It is also advisable to avoid the hours of more sun and use other means of protection, such as sunglasses, hat, etc.
I recommend following a routine with cosmetic products that help both to minimize their appearance and to prevent them from appearing more or darken. They usually contain exfoliating and depigmenting ingredients that soften the colour of the spots and unify the tone. It is advisable to do these treatments in autumn and winter, as they can be photosensitizing. In summer it is advisable to continue, as long as we protect ourselves well from the sun and use products that we tolerate well or less concentrated.
You can start, for example, by applying an anti-spot serum before your usual cream. The star active ingredients for spots are kojic acid, vitamin C, tranexamic acid, glycolic acid, niacinamide?
Finally, if you don't know the cause of your blemishes or you notice an unusual appearance, we recommend that you consult a dermatologist. Go for a check-up, especially if your skin has actinic keratosis and/or many nevi (moles).