Iron is a key mineral in the human body as it is present in haemoglobin and myoglobin. These proteins transport oxygen that supports the body's proper development.
Iron should be incorporated through diet. Food sources of iron include meat, seafood, eggs, pulses and nuts. I recommend combining iron-rich foods with acidic foods (such as orange or lemon juice) to improve absorption. Iron deficiency can lead to anaemia. During menstruation, pregnancy and lactation, it is important to keep iron levels under control. It is also necessary for the health of new-born babies. On the other hand, keep in mind that taking supplements for other minerals (such as zinc or calcium) may also compete with iron absorption. Finally, deficiencies can occur because of certain intestinal problems.
To maintain optimal iron levels, and if there are no blood loss issues that need to be corrected, it is enough to keep a varied and balanced diet. In case of a deficiency, it is important to follow the guidance provided by a healthcare professional about taking a food supplement containing iron or, in more severe cases, medication. Avoid supplementing with this mineral without confirming you have a deficiency.