Menopause is the gradual disappearance of menstruation, ovulation and reproductive capacity. As a general rule, ovulation stops between the ages of 45 and 55, when oestrogen and progesterone levels drop. These hormonal changes can also impact the skin. The drop in oestrogen causes changes, such as a significant decrease in collagen production resulting in a lack of density in the deepest layers such as the dermis.
Sensitivity to photo-ageing intensifies, due to the slow-down of the skin's antioxidant compensatory and renewal mechanisms. Increased dryness and tightness may also increase, due to lipid deficiency. And finally, facial spots or hyperpigmentation may appear due to accumulated exposure to solar radiation, depending on the phototype and the sunscreen care used. Dull and uneven skin tone is also one of the most frequent concerns.
Undoubtedly, this stage of maturity also means acquired experience and self-confidence, which can be reflected in our skin if we follow appropriate care guidelines and routines. If your skin tends to dry out, you can keep it comfortable by using cosmetics with nourishing textures. Retinoids and phytoretinoids are top ingredients, as they stimulate skin renewal and collagen synthesis for a redensifying effect. Remember that it is important to start with them gradually, as part of a night-time routine and never forget to use sunscreen in the morning. Sunscreen protection will protect the skin from oxidative damage and the appearance of spots. Products and serums that contain peptides are also welcome, as these components help stimulate collagen production and increase skin elasticity.
Also, as we age, our skin's natural lipids decrease, while its pH increases. This makes the skin more susceptible to rashes, dermatitis and sensitivity, so using ingredients such as ceramides, to help maintain the skin's protective barrier are necessary. Emollients such as shea butter or other plant-based fatty ingredients provide nourishment and comfort. Finally, to combat hyperpigmentation, you should follow a protocol focused on tackling this issue that may include retinoids or kojic acid, and always high protection sunscreen, to help reduce melanin accumulation.